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Fire safety of a wooden house

Heating system of a wooden house

It is believed that the most common cause of a fire in a wooden house is the stove heating with wood. Therefore it is correct if the brick oven is located in the middle of the house. It happened historically: first they collected the oven, then they built a house around it. This is logical: the oven is equidistant from the load-bearing walls, all the rooms are heated evenly, but the walls do not heat up. If the stove is close to the wall, then part of this wall is built of bricks. The material does not lose its properties when heated, and therefore it is fireproof. Although this option few people today choose. It is quite expensive: a brick foundation requires a separate foundation. Moreover, it is necessary to think about its appearance in the house before the construction starts.

However, it is not always possible to isolate a wooden wall with masonry. Then special materials are used, which shield the heat (heating, not burning). For example, glass-magnesium sheet. The tree under it is protected with heaters. Usually basaltic, as they have a high resistance temperature: easily withstand 1000 °C.

Today, however, brick kilns have given up their lead by electric. The latter are compact, safe, so they can be located in any place convenient for the home owners. Additionally installed boiler, radiators with water heating. At the same time, electricity consumption is not high.

All heating systems of a wooden house with a proper design are relatively safe. Therefore, furnace heating with firewood under the adopted measures is not more dangerous than, for example, heating a wooden house with a gas boiler.

Treatment of a wooden house from a fire

It consists in the use of flame retardants, which are divided into 2 groups according to the parameter of the effectiveness of the protection against fire. The coefficient of effectiveness is determined by experimental methods. Fire retardants of the first group allow the loss of wood mass by no more than 9%. Such fire retardants are handled by responsible elements of socially significant buildings. Check the fact of processing helps in the presence of a color in the substance. Most often it has a scarlet color.

When processing houses, very few people use them. Including because of their visibility on the walls. But invisible to the eye overlapping can and even need to handle flame retardants of the first group of fire resistance. However, few people think about it. The treatment of a wooden house from a fire usually ends with the use of fire retardants of the second group of fire-protective efficiency. They allow the loss of mass of the tree when burning up to 25%, do not have coloring agents in their composition, therefore they are absolutely invisible.

It is important to remember that flame retardants, like antiseptics, evaporate with time. The design must be periodically processed again. Term for each manufacturer of its composition. Therefore, pay attention to the manufacturer's recommendations.

Stability in the fire of load-bearing structures at home

Fire safety of a wooden house is also in the stability of wooden structures in the spread of fire. Overlapping of wood can last for a long time under the influence of high temperatures. Especially if they are planed, smooth and treated with fire retardant. This is a weighty advantage of the wood in front of the metal, which melts quickly at high temperatures and loses its strength. It would seem that the house made of bricks in this plan should be even more reliable. But here there is a nuance: brick houses are often built with reinforced concrete ceilings. And if the walls of such a house are really resistant to high temperatures, then the probability of a rapid collapse of the ceiling is high.

In the implementation of elementary precautions, the wooden house does not lose by the fire safety criterion to others. Therefore, when talking about fireproof materials for building a house, do not rush to remove from the list of those trees.